Karsaev O.V. Analysis of Information Interaction Efficiency in Low-Orbit Satellite Constellations // SPIIRAS Proceedings. 2019. Vol. 18. No.4. P.858–886.
The objects of the research are networks and information interactions in low-orbit satellite constellations performing tasks of remote sensing of the Earth. Research of network creation questions in this case is a necessary condition as opportunities and efficiency of information interaction directly depend on opportunities of a network. DTN (Delay-and-Disruption Tolerant Networking) technology is a basis of the network creation and CGR (Contact Graph Routing) approach is a basis of message routing. DTN technology and CGR approach are originally developed and used to provide communication with spacecraft located in a deep space. Therefore, the article discusses issues and problems arising in the context of their use in relation to low-orbit satellite constellations. The purpose of the information interaction study is development of effective interaction schemes (protocols). In the paper, the schemes of information interaction that can be used by a group of satellites in case of autonomous planning are considered. Along with autonomous planning, the paper also considers information interaction that can be used to implement network control of a satellite constellation in the case of ground planning. The effectiveness of the information interaction schemes are assessed by efficiency of orders’ execution. Measurement of efficiency is estimated via simulation of the communication network and the corresponding scheme of information interaction.